Green cards, also called permanent resident cards, are generally valid for ten years. A permanent resident renews his or her ten-year card by submitting USCIS form I-90 renewal/replacement of permanent residence card. A conditional permanent resident, however, receives a green card that expires in two years. The conditional resident must complete a more involved process to remove conditions and be issued the ten-year permanent resident card.
I have a green card, but have been living outside of the U.S. for years. Can I use my green card to come back into the U.S.?
Reentering the U.S. after a long trip
There is not one magic list that exists where we can check whether a green card is valid. Instead, when you apply for a benefit, such as naturalization, or you attempt to enter the U.S. from abroad, the government may determine that you abandoned your permanent resident status and will initiate a process to relinquish your green card. United States CBP has the authority to decide at the border whether a person has abandoned their residency and may not allow that person to enter.
Can I travel abroad while my N-400 naturalization application is pending?
Can I modify my oath based on religion when I become a US Citizen? I do not believe in bearing arms.
Yes, you are allowed to modify parts of your oath of allegiance based on your sincere, meaningful, and deeply held religious principles against bearing arms or serving in non-combatant military services. Modifying the naturalization oath is a serious decision allowed in some situations. Make sure you fully understand, or talk with an attorney about the oath and your reasons for requesting a modification before making your final decision:
President Trump’s executive order on immigration barred citizens of Iraq, Syria, Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, and Yemen from entering the US for at least 90 days. Yesterday, 01/29/2017, the US Department of Homeland Security released a statement that the executive order does not apply to the entry of lawful permanent residents (US green card holders).
Most immigration attorneys are still not recommending that citizens of the seven listed countries travel outside the US at this time, even in light of this recent statement. See Sound Immigration’s Post for more details.
Happy New Year and best wishes for 2017! A new year is a time for goals and resolutions, which may include applying for US citizenship, renewing a green card, or meeting with an attorney to discuss available immigration paths.
Q: I’m a Canadian citizen married to a US citizen and I’ve never applied for adjustment of status or green card. Can I bypass the green card and apply for citizenship since I’ve been married and living in the USA for 5 years?
The US Supreme Court’s decision on United States v. Texas is expected very soon. There are two main initiatives in dispute in this lawsuit regarding President Obama’s executive actions on immigration:
Deferred Action for Parental Accountability (DAPA), and
Expanded Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA expansion)
What is the Court considering?
The Court is considering several main issues:
- Do states have standing to bring this lawsuit?
- Do expanded DACA and DAPA violate federal law or procedures with these initiatives?
- Do DAPA and expanded DACA violate the constitution?
A:Congratulations on completing your master’s degree, and I hope your OPT internship is going well.
Q: If I apply now for US Citizenship will I be able to vote in the November 2016 election?
If you live in Seattle, the answer is most likely yes! Most recently, applications for naturalization (N-400) has been taking about 5 months to process. There is probably time to apply, have the naturalization interview and ceremony in time to register for November 2016 elections.
To get a general idea on the processing time for your area, check USCIS Processing Time, select your city’s field office, and check the date listed by N-400. Using Seattle, WA as an example, the chart shows that May 2015 applications were being processed in December 2015. The wait in December was about 7 months, but this wait has shortened recently to closer to 5 months as Seattle has recently added new Officers. Check with a local immigration attorney to get a more specific idea of processing times.
Apply right away
It is best to apply as soon as possible. Processing times are subject to change over time. Also, you may need to respond to a request for evidence from USCIS, which increases processing time.
This may be a popular time to apply for citizenship, with the contentious upcoming election. The New York Times reported today that many Latinos are seeking citizenship in order to vote against a particular candidate. Further, as the article points out, 8.8 million legal residents are eligible to naturalize right now.